On the Connection Between the ABS Perturbation Methodology and Differential Privacy

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Chien-Hung Chien
Parastoo Sadeghi


This paper explores analytical connections between the perturbation methodology of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the differential privacy (DP) framework. We consider a single static counting query function and find the analytical form of the perturbation distribution with symmetric support for the ABS perturbation methodology. We then analytically measure the DP parameters, namely the (ε, δ) pair, for the ABS perturbation methodology under this setting. The results and insights obtained about the behaviour of (ε, δ) with respect to the perturbation support and variance are used to judiciously select the variance of the perturbation distribution give a good δ in the DP framework for a given desired ε and perturbation support. Finally, we propose a simple sampling scheme to implement the perturbation probability matrix in the ABS Cellkey method. The post sampling (ε, δ) pair is numerically analysed as a function of the Cellkey size. It is shown that the best results are obtained for a larger Cellkey size, because the (ε, δ) pair ost-sampling measures remain almost identical when we compare sampling and theoretical results.

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Chien, Chien-Hung, and Parastoo Sadeghi. 2024. “On the Connection Between the ABS Perturbation Methodology and Differential Privacy”. Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality 14 (2). https://doi.org/10.29012/jpc.859.

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