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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission must be in English. Except for common foreign words and phrases, the use of foreign words and phrases should be avoided.
  • The submitted manuscript (including tables, figures, supplementary material, etc.) is a single PDF file.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The references are complete, with the necessary information. Where available, DOIs and URLs are provided.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The author(s) represent that the manuscript is their original work, that they own the copyright to the work being submitted or are authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article, and that permissions for reproducing any content have been obtained.
  • Each author is aware of the contents of the entire article and its submission status, and each author materially contributed to the creation of the paper.

License and Copyright 

Copyright is retained by the authors. By submitting to this journal, the author(s) license the article under the Creative Commons License – Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), unless choosing a more lenient license (for instance, public domain). Furthermore, the authors of articles published by the journal grant the journal the right to store the articles in its databases for an unlimited period of time and to distribute and reproduce the articles electronically. 


  • The text should

    • be single-spaced;

    • use the same 10pt serif font (e.g. times) throughout;

    • use a single column layout with both left and right margins justified;

    • have letter page size (8.5 x 11 inches)

    • have 1 inch margins.

  • Use the following document structure:

    • Title page, including Authors, Keywords

    • Abstract

    • Introduction

    • Subsequent sections and subsections that include tables, figures, and footnotes referenced in the text.

    • References

    • Supplementary material (Appendices) see below

  • Abstracts should include a brief summary of the main research findings. Avoid generic statements such as "an example is presented". Instead, minimal details about examples should be included, as in, "we illustrate the benefit of our approach by analyzing data on employment from the UK Office of National Statistics".

  • Citations can be formatted as you like, provided (i) the formatting is consistent and (ii) each citation begins with the last name of the first author.

  • Please consider splitting papers into two distinct parts: a main manuscript and supplementary material. The main manuscript should be as succinct and readable as possible; the supplementary material can be any length (and in some cases may be unnecessary). The supplementary material may contain additional figures and tables, details about data, mathematical derivations, further explanations, or additional simulations or other supporting studies. The supplementary material be formatted using the same stylesheet, and uploaded separately.

  • The Journal strongly encourages transparency. Supplementary material, such as data sets, programming code and log files, should be available in an openly accessible repository. Authors should consult the Journal's Code and Data Availability Policy.

  • Figures should be used to help with exposition. Where possible, one or more figures should provide illustrations of main results. These figures may be split into multiple parts. The legend on these figures should have enough detail that someone can get an impression of what is being displayed just by looking at the figure.

  • Case studies should make sure to highlight both the main results for privacy and confidentiality from a practical perspective as well as the key methodological contributions in a form accessible to researchers coming to the topic from disciplines other than your own.

  • Concluding summaries should be provided only in the context of giving additional perspective on the work.

  • While LaTex is the preferred source format, Word and RTF files will be accepted as well.


  • It is anticipated that many submitted articles will have appeared in proceedings of peer-reviewed conferences. A copy of the previously published peer-reviewed conference paper or its digital object identifier should be provided on submission. It is the author's responsibility in this case to verify that the submission to the Journal does not conflict with the terms of inclusion in the proceedings.

  • Submissions of manuscripts that have been placed in online preprint repositories like arxiv.org and SSRN are allowed provided that they meet the other conditions in these guidelines.

  • Authors are the initial owners of the copyrights to their works (an exception in the non-academic world to this might exist if the authors have, as a condition of employment, agreed to transfer copyright to their employer).

  • Each author materially contributed to the creation of the paper.

  • Submissions will be reviewed according to our Reviewer Guidelines